Karaka is a very popular word in astrology and in Sanskrit dictionary Karaka means a operator, factor, and who or what produces. Karaka is a planet which controls certain factors in astrology. In Parasara astrology, there are 2 types of Karakas. They are Sthira Karaka and Naisargika karaka. In Jaimini astrology, the Karakas are known as Charakaraka
Sthirakaraka are these
Strong planet in Sun or Venus becomes the Karaka of Father
Strong planet in Moon or Mars becomes the Karaka of Mother
Mars becomes the Karaka of Younger siblings and Spouse’s Siblings
Mercury becomes the Karaka of Maternal relatives
Jupiter becomes the karaka of Husband, Son, paternal relatives
Venus becomes the karaka of Wife, parents-in-law, maternal grandparents
Saturn becomes the karaka of Elder siblings
These are Chara karakas( Jaimini Astrology)
These Chara Karakas: They are calculated based on the degrees of the planet. The degrees are seen through the descending order
Atma Karaka – The indicator of the soul
Amatya Karaka – The indicator of career
BhratruKaraka – The indicator of siblings
Matru Karaka – The indicator of mother
PitruKaraka – The indicator of father
Puthra Karaka – The indicator of children
Gnaathi Karaka – Indicator of obstacles
Dhara Karka – Indicator of spouse
Sun: soul , vitality, father, eyes health, east direction and dawn : Karaka of the 1st house ( Lagna), 10th (Career), 9th, and 5th houses.
Jupiter: – Family, wealth matters, expansion, happiness, finances, children, guru-teachers, religion, fortune, elder brothers: Karakaka of the 2nd , 5th, 9th, and 11th houses. The Nortth East direction
Mars: Mangala – Courage, younger siblings, strength or stamina, blood, war, defense, enemies: Karaka of the 3rd, 6th, 4th, 5th houses. The south direction
Moon: Mother, compassion, feelings, mind & emotions, milk and ghee , divine medicine, herbs, water, pearls, the evening: Karaka of the 4th, 1st and 11th houses, and the NW direction.
Venus: -spouse, partner, martial relationships, vehicles, sexual pleasures, fluids, perfumes, dance , music, song, : Karaka of the 7th house, 4th house, 12 house . The SE direction.
Mercury: speech, learning, memory, intellect, analytical power, friends, business, and literature, mathematics: Karaka of the 2nd, 4th, 5th, 10th and 11th houses and owner of the North direction.
Saturn: longevity, delay, grief, losses, ailments, limps, humiliations, hard labor, imprisonment, renunciation, lower class. Karaka of the 8th, 6th, 5th and 12th and the west direction.
Rahu: accidents, occult knowledge, life in a foreign land, poisons, skin diseases, arguments, darkness. Karaka of the 7th, 9th and 6th houses. It indicates SW direction.
Ketu:- occult knowledge, moksha, detachment, isolation, imprisonment. Karka of the 12th, 9th and 8th houses. It indicates NW direction.